Cholesterol

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a kind of fat which is a major component of cell walls, bile and various hormones. Liver produces most of the cholesterol in our body. It can also be ingested from animal sources such as meat, fish, seafood and dairy products.

Consequences of High Cholesterol Level

Excess cholesterol in our blood could be deposited on the inner walls of the blood vessels leading to partial or complete blockage of the lumen. Resulting in Coronary Heart Disease when coronary arty that supplies blood to the heart muscles is blocked. Similarly a stroke would occur when cholesterol deposition causes blockage or rupture of blood vessels of the brain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Desirable levels of cholesterol

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to prevent high cholesterol level?

  • Have a balanced diet. Minimize consumption of high cholesterol foods such as animal fat and skin, internal organs, whole milk products, fried food and too much egg yolk.

  • Consume more dietary fibres from vegetables, fruits, whole grains and beans.

  • Maintain an appropriate body weight

  • Exercise regularly

  • Do not smoke

  • Individuals with family history of heart disease should pay extra attention. Regular medical examination is highly recommended.

Useful Links:

The Family Planning Association of Hong Kong

Smoking Cessation Programme

Hospital Authority

Race Relations Unit

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