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What is Blood Pressure?

  • The pressure that blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels when the heart pumps.

  • Blood pressure is measured by mmHg

  • Normal blood pressure should be <140/90 mmHg

  • Normal blood pressure is not constant

     -It is lower while sleeping

     -And higher when nervous or smoking


Risk Factors

  • Smoking

  • Excessive alcohol drinking

  • Lack of exercise

  • Obesity

  • Stress

  • Family members with hypertension



Common Symptoms

  • Majority have no symptoms

  • When you have a very high blood pressure:

  • Headache

  • Dizziness

  • Shortness of breath

  • Tiredness

  • Blurring of vision



  • Drug treatment is very effective but depends very much on patients’ cooperation

     -Take the medication regularly

  • Regular follow up


What is hypertension?

  • Hypertension is a chronic disease , when blood pressure is persistently higher than the normal level even during rest

   i.e. higher than 140/90

Hypertension is the major cause of the top two killer (Heart disease and Stroke)


  • 90% of essential Hypertension has no obvious cause

  • 10% Secondary Hypertension has an underlying causes, such as kidney, heart and endocrine diseases

  • High blood lipid (i.e high cholesterol)

  • Side effect of some drugs, such as steroid


  • Coronary heart disease

  • Heart failure

  • Stroke

  • Kidney failure


  • Low salt diet

  • Quit smoking

  • Avoid overstress

  • Do regular exercise (30mins/day)

  • Go for periodic health checks for early detection

  • Eat >3 portions of fruits and vegetables per day

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